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Red Bluff Ranch
"No matter where people go, sooner or later there's the law. And sooner or later they find God's already been there."
John Simpson Chisum
Although Juan de Onate is credited with bringing the first cattle into New Mexico from old Mexico, it was John Chisum, "Cattle King of the Pecos," who made the cattle industry an economic force in the 1860s. He blazed the historic Chisum Trail from the little town of Paris, Texas where his cattle herd was first begun, across the desert of Texas north to the Pecos Valley in southeastern New Mexico. John Chisum purchased South Spring Ranch, south of Roswell and the JingleBob Ranch. He ran 100,000 head of cattle on a one hundred mile stretch along the Pecos River and over the Red Bluff Ranch. As homesteaders arrived in Roswell to start cattle operations they also used this area for grazing, these cattle became mixed with the Chisum herds. This caused extra work and open the door for cattle rustlers. Chisum was possessive of his turf. Rival cattle barons fought for local power and control of the county, resulting in the Lincoln County Wars. Billy the Kid was befriended and worked as a cattle guard for John Tunstall, which Chisum Supported. Tunstall was gunned down setting Billy the Kid on a path of revenge. The Kid swore to kill all involved if it was the last thing he did. The Red Bluff Ranch is not only an amazing opportunity to own an outstanding cattle ranch with rich, lush vegetation and excellent improvements but a unique opportunity to own the land where history was made, where real men could be found and fought for the land known as the West and The Red Bluff Ranch.
The Ranch is located approximately 15 miles north of Roswell, New Mexico and consist of 35,100 deeded acres, 23,040 BLM and 1,280 New Mexico State Land for a total of 59,420 acres. The ranch lies east of US Highway 285 and west of the Pecos River. The terrain varies from mostly rolling prairies of hearty vegetation to a large scenic mesa in the center of the ranch with steep red clay bluffs rising 100 to 150 feet from the valley floor. Elevation on the ranch varies from 3600 feet at the river to 4100 feet on the northwest corner. The ranch is private and secluded with good access from excellent county roads.
The Red Bluff Ranch is divided into 17 pastures and 3 traps with exceptional fences. All fences have been replaced or improved with 5 rows of 2 point barbed wire and cedar stays every 2 foot. The ranch has an excellent cover of high quality, nutritious grasses consisting of Black gramma, Blue gramma, Tobosa, Big Bluestem, Sideoats gramma, Plains Bristlegrass and Bush Muhly. Mesquite is scattered all over the ranch along with Fourwing Saltbrush and Winterfat. The Bureau of land Management rates the ranch at 845 animal units and 12 horses. A new owner could expect to run approximately 71 acres per animal unit. A current allotment management plan is on file with the office of the BLM.
The Ranch has tremendous wildlife and is near the Salt Creek Wilderness. Wide open spaces and clean, fresh air create an environment where wildlife, both flora and fauna, flourish. The Ranch has thriving populations of pronghorn antelope, desert mule deer, turkey, wild hogs, waterfowl, quail, with some white tail deer around the Pecos River and an occasional Rocky Mountain Elk providing photographic and hunting opportunities.
There is an adequate supply of water on the Red Bluff Ranch with 9 windmills and 8 submersible pumps that supply water through approximately 38 miles of pipeline over the ranch. The pipeline is mostly PVC and is in great condition. There are numerous surface tanks strategically located on the ranch to collect large amounts of water runoff and control erosion. With silty clay loam soil bottoms, the surface tanks hold water very well. There are several fiberglass and steel tanks with concrete bottoms that are fed by the pipeline system. The Red Bluff Ranch has 222.75 acre feet of water rights from the Pecos River applied to 74.25 acres. Cattle are allowed to water from the Pecos River in the Pecos pasture only to prevent water gap problems. The ranch receives approximately 12.2 inches of rain and 7.3 inches of snow annually and has a growing season of 281 days.
The ranch is a well equipped, first rate cattle operation with numerous improvements. Located at headquarters is a nice, rock 4 bedroom, 3 bath remodeled home and a 12'X60' mobile home. There is an excellent cattle working and handling facility with a large set of steel corrals, sorting alley, working alleys, covered squeeze chute and calf table, a Fairbanks Morris platform scale and an adjoining 32'X38' metal barn used for storage and shed area for livestock. In addition, there is a 18'X90' equipment shed enclosed on 3 sides, an overhead cake bin with 2 compartments, a bulk molasses storage tank capable of receiving full truck loads of product and 2 pole barns. One barn is 36'X75' with two 16' overhead doors and concrete floors. The other barn is 60'X90' and is used for hay storage and a livestock shed with an enclosed 10'X50' tack and medicine room.
In 2001 the previous owners built a custom designed, pueblo style home constructed of rammed earth highlighting the natural beauty of the ranch. A rammed earth structure will store the sun's heat each winter and block it each summer, yielding energy savings year after year and will withstand rain, wind, fire and termites. Te 6,500 sq ft, 4 bedroom, 3 3/4 bath home was built on the highest bluff with breathtaking views overlooking the ranch, the Capitan Mountains and the lights of Roswell. The entrance into the house is through a walled courtyard shaded by a large elm tree. A covered porch and flagstone walkway, made of stone from the ranch, runs along the front and back of the house. The house has a central great room with 2 kiva fireplaces, viga and latilla ceilings, library walls with rolling ladders. Separate wings that angle to the left and right from the great room provide a kitchen, dining room and large master suite with master bath in one wing and the guest wing with a powder room, 2 bedrooms each with its own bath and a third bedroom presently used as an office/workout room with its own 3/4 bath. Great detail has gone into the construction of this amazing, earthen home and would be a prized showplace for entertaining guest. It is no wonder why John Chisum chose this area to settle and start his rein as "Cattle king of the Pecos." With lush protein rich vegetation, several miles of the Pecos River and amazing views as far as the eye can see who could resist. Call Leon Nance, 325-656-8978 cell or 325-658-8978 office, today and be the next "Cattle King of the Pecos."